Part I: Introduction.
History and Evolution of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery.
Philosophy and Biology of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery.
Economics of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery.
Part II: Enabling Technologies for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery.
Microscopes and Endoscopes.
Intraoperative Neurophysiology Monitoring.
Robotic Assisted Spine Surgery.
Part III: Surgical Techniques: Minimally Invasive Posterior Decompression.
Posterior Cervical Decompression.
Lumbar Decompression Using a Tubular Retractor System.
Part IV: Surgical Techniques: Fusion.
Minimally Invasive Posterior Cervical Fusion.
Percutaneous Pedicle Screws.
Minimally Invasive Facet Screw Fixation.
Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion.
Mini-Open Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion.
Minimally Disruptive Lateral Transpsoas Approach for Thoracolumbar Anterior Interbody Fusion.
Presacral Approaches for Minimally Invasive Spinal Fusion.
Mini-Open Lateral Thoracic Fusion.
The Painful Sacroiliac Iliac Joint.
Part V: Disease-Specific Approaches.
Cervical Herniated Nucleus Pulposus and Stenosis.
Thoracic Herniated Nucleus Pulposus.
Lumbar Herniated Nucleus Pulposus.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis.
Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery in Lumbar Spondylolisthesis.
Anterior Column Realignment (ACR): Minimally Invasive Surgery for the Treatment of Adult Sagittal Plane Deformity.
Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma.
Minimally Invasive Surgery for Spinal Tumors.
Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery in the Elderly.
Minimally Invasive Applications of Motion.
Part VI: Minimally Invasive Spine Surgical Complications.
Choice of Minimally Invasive Approaches: A Review of Unique Risks and Complications.
Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Complications with Implant Placement and Fixation.
Neural and Dural Injury.